All legal action can only be taken once notice has been served upon the entity or individual you wish to take to court. It is only this process that legalises bringing a matter to court. The intimation sent is known as a legal notice.
A legal notice is, therefore, a formal communication to a person or an entity, informing the other party of your intention to undertake legal proceedings against them.
This notice, when sent, conveys your intention prior to the legal proceedings and thus, makes the party aware of your grievance. Many a times, a legal notice served will bring the other party on heels, and the problem can get resolved out of court too, with fruitful discussions on both sides.
And, if the other party is still not heeding to the grievance, one can always start the court proceedings after a particular interval, as stated by the law.
Although a legal notice can service as a purpose of negotiations between the parties and save time, effort and money that are usually spent in court cases.
A legal notice is filed as per Section 80 of Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 and is only filed in civil cases. A legal notice is an intimation and thus carries the following information:
1. Precise statement and facts relating to the grievance for which the action is to be taken.
2. Alternatives/relief sought by the grieving party.
3. How are the relief/problem in hand be solved, a summary of facts and the way it can be solved.
A complete brief of the problems that the aggrieved party is facing, combined with what can be done to resolve the issue need to be clearly mentioned. The last past of the Legal notice should contain a detailed account of how relief can be obtained/problem solved, if mutually agreed upon the grievance.
A perfectly crafted legal notice, can act as a mediator between the two parties and help solve the issue out of the court, if both of them are willing to compromise on the issue.
Filing a Legal Notice
A legal notice, although a simple document, requires precision and accuracy and use of definite language to ensure the message sent across is correct. A legal expert or an agent can help in putting forth the legal notice as per law and wording it as required for the particular issue.
1. The first step is to draft a legal notice, with the issue, the relief sought and a definite time frame (say, 30 to 60 days) to solve the issue, is to be addressed to the other party, and sent through a registered AD post.
2. After sending the notice, save the copy of the receipt sent. This may come in handy in case of filing for the court case.
3. Wait for a given period, before the filing of the court case.
4. Now, the person or entity on whom the legal notice is addressed will have the above mentioned days to revert back with the notice or agree for out of the court settlement.
Although the other party may or may not reply to the legal notice, it is essential for a person on whom the legal notice is addressed to send a reply within the stipulated time. If not replied to a notice, one may be at a disadvantage of not following the law, and thus, may give the other party undue advantage while appearing in the court.
A legal notice can be sent personally too. One can draft a legal notice, and authorize it before sending it to the other party. However, since wording a legal notice is extremely important if the case reaches the court, and citing of aw under which you have raised the claim is essential, having an expert in law to make the copies of the legal notice will work to your advantage.
The same applies to replying to a legal notice too, since here too, one may not know the appropriate law to be used, to revert to the claims demanded by the other party.
The following is a summary of the Hindu Marriage Act 1955, which aims to allow a reader to understand the key points within the Act without having to read the Act itself.
Conditions for marriage
Registering a marriage
Grounds for divorce
Alimonies (permanent maintenance)
ARTICLE- 21PROTECTION OF LIFE AND PERSONAL LIBERTY – No person shall be deprived of his life and personal Lerbity except according to procedures established by law.
Right to life and personal liberty includes Right to privacy as an integral part guaranteed under part – 3 of the constitution.
ARTICLE- 19 RIGHT TO FREEDOM – protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech,- (1) All citizens shall have the right-
(a) To freedom of speech and expression;
(b) To assemble peaceable and with out arms;
(c) To form associations or unions or co- operative societies;
(d) To move freely throughout the territory of India;
(e) To reside and settle in any part of the territory of India; and
(g) To practice any profession, or to carry on any occupation, trade or business.
ARTICLE- 14 – RIGHT TO Equality
EQUALITY BEFORE LAW – The state shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the law with in the territory of India.